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CSAT vs NPS: A Comprehensive Guide to Measuring Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty

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When it comes to the world of Customer Success, understanding and improving customer satisfaction and loyalty are critical for the success of your business. Two widely used metrics for measuring these aspects are Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT) and Net Promoter Score (NPS). While both are scores that aim to gauge customer sentiment, they do so in different ways and offer unique insights. This article delves into the nuances of CSAT and NPS, exploring their definitions, measurement methods, advantages, and applications. We will also highlight their key differences, the benefits of using both metrics, and best practices for implementation.

What is CSAT?

Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT) is a straightforward metric used to measure a customer's satisfaction with a specific interaction, product, or service. Typically expressed as a percentage, CSAT is calculated by asking customers to rate their satisfaction on a scale, often from 1 to 5 or 1 to 10. The primary purpose of CSAT is to capture immediate feedback and gauge customer satisfaction at particular touchpoints.

How is CSAT Measured?

To measure CSAT, businesses usually ask a simple question such as, "How satisfied were you with your recent experience?". Customers then provide a rating, and the CSAT score is calculated by taking the percentage of positive responses (usually ratings of 4 or 5) out of the total responses. For example, if 80 out of 100 customers rate their satisfaction as 4 or 5, the CSAT score would be 80%.

Calculation formula of CSAT:

CSAT Score= (Number of Satisfied Customer/Total Number of Responses) × 100

Velaris employs an advanced CSAT measurement system integrated into its customer interaction platforms. By doing so, Velaris ensures real-time feedback collection and prompt response to any issues that customers may face.

Advantages of Using CSAT

Specific Feedback 

CSAT provides direct feedback on particular aspects of a customer's experience, allowing businesses to pinpoint specific areas of strength and areas needing improvement.

Actionable Insights

Since CSAT focuses on specific interactions, businesses can quickly identify and address issues, leading to immediate improvements in customer satisfaction.

Ease of Implementation

The simplicity of CSAT surveys makes them easy to design and deploy, ensuring high response rates and meaningful insights.

What are Some Examples of CSAT Questions?

  • "How satisfied were you with our customer service today?"
  • "Rate your satisfaction with the product you purchased."
  • "How would you rate your experience with our website today?"

Velaris customizes its CSAT questions based on different customer interaction points, ensuring relevant and targeted feedback collection.

Why Do You Apply CSAT in Your Business?

CSAT is particularly useful for evaluating customer interactions, product quality, and service performance. It helps businesses understand how satisfied customers are with specific touchpoints and identify areas for improvement. For instance, Velaris uses CSAT scores to assess and enhance its customer support services, ensuring that every interaction meets high standards of satisfaction.

What is NPS?

Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a metric used to measure customer loyalty and predict business growth. It is based on the likelihood of customers recommending a company to others. NPS is calculated by asking customers to rate their likelihood to recommend on a scale of 0 to 10. The primary purpose of NPS is to understand customer loyalty and the potential for organic growth through word-of-mouth referrals.

How is NPS Measured?

To measure NPS, businesses ask the question, "On a scale of 0 to 10, how likely are you to recommend our company/product/service to a friend or colleague?". Respondents are categorized into three groups: 

  • Promoters (score 9-10): These customers are highly satisfied and likely to recommend your company.
  • Passives (score 7-8): These customers are satisfied but not enthusiastic enough to actively recommend.
  • Detractors (score 0-6): These customers are unhappy and may harm your brand through negative word-of-mouth. 

The NPS score is calculated by subtracting the percentage of Detractors from the percentage of Promoters. For example, if 70% of respondents are Promoters and 10% are Detractors, the NPS score would be 60.

Calculation formula of NPS:

NPS= Percentage of Promoter (%)- Percentage of Detractors (%)

Velaris uses NPS surveys to gauge overall customer loyalty and track changes in customer sentiment over time. By doing so, Velaris can identify trends and address issues that may impact customer loyalty.

Advantages of Using NPS

Predictive Power

NPS is a strong predictor of customer loyalty and future business growth. High NPS scores are often correlated with increased customer retention, higher revenue, and organic growth through referrals.


NPS allows companies to benchmark their performance against industry standards. Businesses can compare their NPS scores with competitors to identify relative strengths and weaknesses.

Holistic View

NPS provides a broad view of customer sentiment and loyalty, offering insights into the overall customer experience and the likelihood of customers becoming brand advocates.

What Are Some Examples of NPS Questions?

  • "On a scale of 0 to 10, how likely are you to recommend our company to a friend or colleague?"
  • "What is the primary reason for your score?"
  • "How can we improve your experience to earn a higher score?"

Velaris tailors its NPS questions to capture both quantitative scores and qualitative feedback, providing a comprehensive understanding of customer loyalty and areas for improvement.

Why Do You Apply NPS in Your Business?

NPS is widely used to gauge overall customer loyalty, identify brand advocates, and track changes in customer sentiment over time. It helps businesses understand their long-term relationship with customers and develop strategies to improve loyalty. Velaris leverages NPS data to enhance its product offerings and customer engagement strategies, ensuring sustained customer loyalty and growth.

How Are CSAT and NPS Different?

Scope and Focus

  • CSAT: Focuses on specific interactions and immediate satisfaction. It provides insights into how customers feel about particular touchpoints or experiences.
  • NPS: Measures overall loyalty and long-term relationship with the brand. It assesses the likelihood of customers recommending the company to others, reflecting their overall satisfaction and loyalty.

Timing and Frequency of Surveys

  • CSAT: Often conducted immediately after a customer interaction to capture real-time feedback.
  • NPS: Can be conducted periodically (e.g., quarterly, annually) to measure overall sentiment and track changes over time.

Insights Provided by Each Metric

  • CSAT: Provides actionable insights on specific touchpoints, helping businesses improve individual interactions and experiences.
  • NPS: Offers a holistic view of customer loyalty and potential for growth, identifying trends and long-term customer sentiment.

How Can Your Business Use CSAT and NPS Together?

Many businesses, including Velaris, use CSAT to address immediate issues and improve specific aspects of the customer experience, while NPS is used to monitor long-term loyalty and strategic business outcomes. This combined approach ensures a comprehensive understanding of customer satisfaction and loyalty. Some benefits of integrating them both together include:

Comprehensive Understanding of Customer Sentiment

Combining CSAT and NPS provides a well-rounded view of customer satisfaction and loyalty. CSAT offers detailed feedback on specific interactions, while NPS gives a broader perspective on customer loyalty. This dual approach allows businesses to address both immediate concerns and long-term strategies.

Identifying Short-Term Satisfaction vs. Long-Term Loyalty

CSAT helps identify and address short-term satisfaction issues, whereas NPS focuses on long-term customer loyalty and advocacy. Together, they provide a complete picture of customer sentiment, enabling businesses to balance immediate improvements with long-term growth.

Strategic Decision-Making Using Both Metrics

By leveraging insights from both CSAT and NPS, businesses can make informed decisions that enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty. This integrated approach ensures that immediate issues are addressed while also fostering long-term relationships. Velaris uses both metrics to inform its customer experience strategies, driving continuous improvement and growth.

Challenges and Limitations of CSAT and NPS

Limitations of CSAT

  1. Narrow Focus: CSAT may not capture overall customer sentiment, as it focuses on specific interactions.
  2. Potential Bias: Responses may be influenced by the most recent interaction, leading to potential bias in the feedback.

Limitations of NPS

  1. Lack of Specificity: NPS does not provide detailed feedback on specific issues, making it challenging to identify exact areas needing improvement.
  2. Response Rate: Customers may not always provide scores or reasons for their ratings, leading to incomplete data.

How Can You Overcome These Challenges?

To overcome these limitations, businesses should use CSAT and NPS in tandem, ensuring they capture both specific and broad customer feedback. In other words, both these metrics should be employed together to surpass the hurdles faced by the business. Regularly analyzing and acting on survey results can help mitigate potential biases and improve response rates. Velaris addresses these challenges by integrating CSAT and NPS data, ensuring a holistic view of customer feedback and continuous improvement.

Best Practices for Implementing CSAT and NPS Together

Designing Effective Surveys

Ensure that CSAT and NPS surveys are clear, concise, and relevant to the customer experience. Use simple language and straightforward questions to encourage honest responses. Velaris designs its surveys to be user-friendly and engaging, maximizing response rates and the quality of feedback.

Timing and Frequency of Surveys

Deploy CSAT surveys immediately after customer interactions to capture real-time feedback. Conduct NPS surveys periodically to track long-term trends in customer loyalty. Velaris carefully times its surveys to balance immediate feedback collection with long-term trend analysis.

Analyzing and Interpreting Results

Analyze CSAT and NPS results regularly to identify patterns and areas for improvement. Use these insights to develop targeted strategies for enhancing customer satisfaction and loyalty. Velaris employs advanced analytics tools to interpret survey data and drive actionable insights.

Using Insights to Improve Customer Experience and Business Outcomes

Implement changes based on survey feedback to address customer pain points and improve overall satisfaction. Track the impact of these changes over time to ensure continuous improvement. Velaris uses feedback to refine its products and services, ensuring they meet customer needs and expectations.

A Success Story of Integrating the Two Powerful Metric Pillars

Successful companies like Velaris have effectively used both CSAT and NPS to improve their customer experience and drive growth. Being a leading tech company, Velaris uses CSAT to refine its customer support processes and NPS to track overall customer loyalty, resulting in enhanced customer satisfaction and increased market share. By continuously analyzing and acting on feedback, Velaris maintains high standards of customer satisfaction and loyalty.


In summary, both CSAT and NPS are valuable metrics for measuring customer satisfaction and loyalty. While CSAT provides specific feedback on individual interactions, NPS offers a broader view of customer loyalty. By integrating both metrics, businesses can gain a comprehensive understanding of customer sentiment, address immediate issues, and foster long-term relationships. Ultimately, leveraging CSAT and NPS together enables companies to make informed decisions that enhance customer satisfaction and drive business growth. Velaris, among other successful companies, exemplifies the benefits of this integrated approach, continuously improving their customer experience and achieving greater success.

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